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Gum Diseases

Periodontal Disease and Heart Health

What are the symptoms?

Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly around the teeth, and do not bleed easily. Gingivitis causes:

  • Gums that are red, swollen, and tender.
  • Gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing.


​Gingivitis:
usually isn't painful, so you may not notice the symptoms and may not get the treatment you need.

In periodontitis, the symptoms are easier to see, such as:

  • Gums that pull away from the teeth.
  • Bad breath that won't go away.
  • Pus coming from the gums.
  • A change in how your teeth fit together when you bite.
  • Loose teeth.

Treating Gum Disease

Treatment for gum disease can vary depending on the severity of each case. Typical treatment include: 

  • Non-surgical treatments such as at- home periodontal trays, and scaling and root planning (deep cleaning)
  • Periodontal surgery and laser gum surgery.
  • Dental Implants.

Preventing Gum Disease

Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are important for maintaining your health and the health of your smile. You don't have to lose teeth to periodontal disease, and by practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chance of ever getting gum disease. Remember to brush regular, clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that surrounded and support the teeth. It is also called periodontal disease.

There are two types od gum disease:

  • Gingivitis : is gum disease that affects only the gums, the soft tissue surrounds the teeth.
  • Periodontitis: is more severe. it spreads below the gums to damage the tissues and that support the teeth.

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by the growth of germs called bacteria on the teeth and gums. Bacteria are present in plaque, a clear, sticky substance that your mouth produces.

  • The bacteria in plaque feed on sugars in the foods you eat and drink and make poisons (toxins) and other chemicals. The toxins irritate your gums, causing them to  swell and bleed easily when brushed.
  • In time, plaque can harden into a buildup called calculus or tartar. This irritates the gums even more and causes them to pull away from your teeth.


Things that make you more likely to get gum disease include:

  • Not cleaning your teeth well at home and not getting regular dental cleanings.
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • Having gum disease in your family.
  • Having a problem that weakens your immune system, such as a high stress level or a disease like diabetes, AIDS, or leukemia.
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly
  • Crooked teeth.
  • Old fillings.
  • Pregnancy.

What is gum disease ?

​​Cosmetic Dentistry
​​Allendale Family &

​​​Rami F. Rizk, D.M.D.


Allendale Dentist - Allendale Dental - Dentist Allendale, NJ